Brazil has 67 registered geographical indications. A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. GIs are well-known in countries with a tradition in the production of wines and food products, such as France, Portugal and Italy, and also Brazil. GIs represent an instrument of differentiation and competitiveness for small businesses located in a given territory. Multilateral and bilateral trade agreements recognise GIs as a mechanism for valuing products in international trade negotiations.
GIs are provided by Brazil’s Industrial Property Law in the form of indication of origin or denomination of origin. An indication of origin is given to the geographical name of a country, city, region or location in its territory, which has become known as a center for the extraction, production or manufacture of a particular product or service. A designation of origin is the geographical name of a country, city, region or location in its territory, which designates a product or service whose qualities or characteristics are due exclusively or essentially to the geographical environment, including natural and human factors. GIs are the responsibility of the National Property Institute Industrial (INPI), linked to the Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services.
Out of Brazil’s 67 GIs, 49 are indications of origin and 19 as designations of origin (eight of which are foreign). They include seven GIs for the production of wine, six for coffee, three for cheese, three for cachaça, two for grapes, and one each for bananas, mangos, beef and rice.
The list of registered GIs can be obtained from the INPI website: Geographical indication applications granted and in progress